Government: Parliamentarian Democracy
Establishment: 15 November 1983
TRNC President: Mustafa Akıncı
TRNC Flag: White and Red
Neighbouring Countries: South Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt
Population: 286,257 (de jure population in 2011)
Religion: 99 % Muslim, 1% others
Official Language: Turkish is the mother language of the Turkish Cypriots. English is also widely used.
Communication: International call code is +90 (392). Internet access can be provided from the internet cafes in cities and towns and from the many tourist facilities.
Traffic: Traffic flows in the left lane
Climate: The climate is a typical Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot and dry, while winters are warm and rainy. It is hot and dry from May to October, and very hot from July to August. It is rainy between December and March and April is warm.
Currency: The official currency is the Turkish Lira (₺). The British Pound, Euro and the US Dollar are exchanged by banks and exchange offices, and widely used in markets. There are many ATMs of various banks to withdraw money with bank and credit cards in the cities. Credit cards can be used in many hotels, restaurants and shops.
Time Zone: GMT + 2
First Aid/Ambulance: 112
Forest Fire: 177
Civil Defence: 101